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Jade Jewelry & Accessories

The gemstone Jade is made of two minerals, jadeite and nephrite. It comes in a variety of colors, greens being the most popular, to white, grey, black, yellow, orange, and violet.

What is Jade?

Jade is actually two gemstones that are very similar and considered the same thing to the average person. The two stones that are considered jade are jadeite and nephrite.

What are the scientific properties of jade?

In 1863, Alexis Damour discovered it was two different minerals. Jadeite is a silicate of sodium and aluminum, and is also referred to as an aluminum rich pyroxene or a silicate pyroxene. Nephrite is a silicate of calcium and magnesium and is also referred to as a magnesium rich amphibole or silicate amphibole.

What is a silicate? Most rocks are silicates – 90% of them! A silicate is an insoluble complex metal salt that contains silicon and oxygen in the anion.

What is an anion? An anion is a negatively charged ion. The positive charged ion is called a cation.

Jade is actually harder than steel on the Mohs mineral hardness scale. Jadeite measures 6.5 to 7 and nephrite measures 6 to 6.5. Both jadeite and nephrite are found in metamorphic rocks in subduction zones. Jadeite is found in higher pressure origins than nephrite. Nephrite is more common than jadeite and has a denser structure than jadeite.

How did jade get its name?

Jade got it's name because people thought that it was a healing stone for kidney problems. This probably came about when Spanish explorers saw Central American people wearing nephrite against their sides. Spaniards named the stone 'Piedra de Ijada' which translates to 'stone for the pain in the side'. The Greek word for kidney is nephrite so its name was chosen for jade because of its perceived use as a cure for kidney disease.

What does jadeite and nephrite look like?

Jadeite is usually white to dark green. It is sometimes grey, pink, lilac, red, blue, yellow, orange, or black. The purest form of jadeite is white and colored jadeite is from impurities. The most valued jadeite is green and translucent. Chromium is what makes this jadeite green. Chromium is the same thing that colors emeralds green. Manganese makes jadeite mauve and lavendar toned.

Nephrite is usually white, cream, or dark green. Deep solid green and translucency make it more valuable. Uni-colored nephrite is rare. The appearance of jadeite is more glass-like than nephrite, which is less translucent and more greasy looking. Both minerals can be mistaken for aventurine or serpentine.

"Green nephrite jade (Precambrian; Granite Mountains, Wyoming, USA) 1"

Jadeite Diamond Ring Set in 18K750 White Gold

Source: Sarah J Y Wong

Jade Identification and Grading

Jadeite is graded into Types A, B, and C. Type D means that it is not jadeite. Type A is the best type because it has only been coated in wax. Type B stones have been bleached in hydrochloric or sulfuric acid then dipped in wax or pressure coated in resin. Type C stones have been bleached, dyed and coated. Type B and C make the jadeite stones brittle from the acid bleaching and dyes can also fade over time. For these reasons, Type A is the highest grade jadeite.

Chelsea filters can be used to show if jadeite has been dyed because it will appear red. Nephrite is not graded, but due to its density, it typically isn't dyed. Nephrite can emit a musical note when struck. This is called a chime test. Jadeite doesn't emit a note, so this test will only determine if a stone is nephrite.

How valuable is jade?

Jadeite is rarer than nephrite and more valuable due to its scarcity. In China, jade is as expensive as diamonds. They say in China 'gold is valuable, jade is priceless'. Chinese call it 'yu', which means heavenly or imperial. Chinese artisans used nephrite jade because there is no jadeite in China. White nephrite was most valued until the importation of Myanmar jadeite jade in the 18th century. Back then Myanmar was called Burma. Chinese artisans prefer Myanmar sourced jadeite and called it Imperial Jade. It was named Imperial Jade because back in the day, only the Emperor could own it.

"Jadeite Cabbage with Insects" by Ti Yab is licensed under

 Jadeite axe found near Breamore, Hampshire in the late 19th century. The precise findspot is unknown but it was somewhere near Marsh Farm (grid reference SU154177). It is 206 mm long, 67 mm wide at the cutting edge, and 36 mm wide at the top. It was broken in prehistoric times at the top, but the chip at the bottom was apparently caused when "Mrs Jeans" of Marsh Farm tossed it out of a window because she had been using it as a paper knife, but found that it tore paper rather than cut. It was acquired by J. W Brooke, who sold it to the Wiltshire Archaeological Society in 1916. It is now in the Wiltshire Museum, Devizes. Petrological analysis has shown that the axehead is Alpine jadeite and that it probably came from a free-standing block near Pontinvrea/Giovo Ligure, Liguria, in the Mont Beigua massif near Genoa. The precise date of this axe or its arrival in Britain are uncertain, but two other jadeite axe-heads (or fragments of such) found in Britain have been found in a dated context to the early Neolithic period, 3900 to 3800 BC. Source - Pasicles

How long has jade been mined?

Jade has been in use for over 100,000 years. It's strength made it preferred for things such as ax heads, weapons, and hide scrapers. Jade was preferred due to its hardness.

Jadeite Diamond Ring Set in 18K750 White Gold

"Green nephrite jade (Precambrian; Granite Mountains, Wyoming, USA) 1"
by James St. John is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Where is jadeite and nephrite found?

Besides Myanmar, Imperial jadeite is also found in Guatamala. It is also found in Japan, Canada, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkey, Cuba, and the US.

New Zealand has a lot of nephrite. There are even pebbles of it in riverbeds and shorelines. In Maori, jade is called 'pounamu' and is highly regarded material used in weaponry, amulets and other things.

British Columbia is currently the largest nephrite producer. Nephrite is mined in the Dease Lake, Mt. Ogden, and Cassiar areas.

There is a lot of nephrite jade in Alaska, even a whole mountain of it called Jade Mountain on the Seward Peninsula. There is also a Jade Creek. Both are in the Kobuk River basin area.

In the Anchorage, Alaska Sheraton Hotel, they installed a staircase made of Alaskan nephrite jade. It is nicknamed “the million dollar staircase'. The nephrite for the tiles was mined in Western Alaska.

There is also nephrite in Australia, Brazil, China (Sinkiang), Canada, Russia, Taiwan, Zimbabwe, and the US (in AK and WY).

Is there imitation jade?

Yes, besides purposely made imitations, other stones may be mistaken for jadeite or nephrite based on their similar appearance. Many sellers will use creative trade names to fool buyers into thinking they are buying actual jadeite or nephrite. Be aware of trade names such as Oregon Jade or Mexican Jade which are really other minerals that happen to be green.

Aventurine is often sold as 'Indian Jade'. Chrysoprase is sold as 'Australian Jade'. Serpentine, nepheline, calcite, quartz, aragonite, glaucophane and vesuvianite can also be confused with jade.

What are some popular types of jade?

Does jade have any special designations?

Jade is a the gemstone for Taurus. Jade was made Alaska's state gem in 1968. Jade is also the state gem of Wyoming.

What are some examples of famous jade pieces?

Sources:

https://www.leaf.tv/articles/how-does-alaskan-jade-differ-from-chinese-jade/

https://www.goldrushnuggets.com/rageandmiina3.html

http://assets.sheratonanchorage.com/lps/assets/u/2013menus.pdf

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/silicate

https://www.corrosionpedia.com/definition/88/anion

https://www.dictionary.com/browse/silicate

https://geology.com/gemstones/jade/

https://www.gemselect.com/gem-info/nephrite-jade/nephrite-jade-info.php

https://www.gemselect.com/gem-info/jadeite/jadeite-info.php

http://listverse.com/2016/12/26/10-mysterious-jade-relics/

https://www.visualcapitalist.com/the-history-of-jade-the-emperors-stone/

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/treasure-jade-cabbage-china-taiwan

https://geogallery.si.edu/10002861/jadeite-dragon-vase

http://www.chinaonlinemuseum.com/carving-seals.php

https://belize.com/belize-maya-jade-head/

Did you know that:

  • Jade is the 12th Wedding Anniversary gemstone

Sterling Silver Green Jade Earrings

Sterling Silver Green Jade Earrings

Drop a hint--or two--that these adorable jade cabochon dangle earrings are on your must-have wish list. From Carolyn Pollack Sterling Jewelry.


Sterling Silver Green Jade Cascading Pendant
'Gold is valuable, Jade is priceless' - Read about jade's value in the Chinese market here: What is Jade? A gemstone that is actually two gemstones
Sterling Silver Pink Jade Earrings

Alaska State Flag
Nephrite Jade is the official State Gemstone of both Alaska and Wyoming.
Wyoming State Flag

Sterling Silver Blue Jade Earrings
Sterling Silver Green Jade Drop Earrings

Sterling Silver Green Jade Drop Earrings

Graceful in color and style, these jade drop earrings are fit for everyday elegance or special occasions. From Carolyn Pollack Sterling Jewelry.


Natural Beauty Sterling Pink Jade Rosebud Necklace

Natural Beauty Sterling Pink Jade Rosebud Necklace

Accent your ensemble with a kiss from a rose. This eye-catching Carolyn Pollack necklace features pink jadeite jade cabochons in a leafy setting, for a sensational look that lasts through any season. From Carolyn Pollack Sterling Jewelry.


Color Connections Green Gemstone Jewelry Set

Color Connections Green Gemstone Jewelry Set

Sometimes you just have to have it all. This bracelet, necklace and enhancer set of gorgeous green gemstones will add color and fresh options to your jewelry wardrobe. Detach the enhancer of nephrite jade and Sterling Silver and wear it on your favorite chain or cord. Attach the bracelet to the necklace to form a single 26 inches necklace for every more versatility.


Sterling Silver Carved Green Jade Pendant
Sterling Silver & Green Jade Ring
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7 1/2 Carat Cabochon Cut Green Jade Earrings in Sterling Silver by SuperJeweler

7 1/2 Carat Cabochon Cut Green Jade Earrings in Sterling Silver by SuperJeweler

These classic gemstone earrings feature two round shape cabochon cut green jade gemstones totaling at 7 1/2 carats. Each gemstone measures 11x11mm. These earrings dangle down about 1 inch and are 1/2 inch wide. These earrings are in sterling silver and have comfortable fishhook backs. - Lifetime Guarantee - 60 Day Worry-Free Return - 7 1/2 Carat Cabochon Cut Green Jade Earrings in Sterling Silver by SuperJeweler


Nephrite sphere, 'Jade Mystique' (Peru)

Nephrite sphere, 'Jade Mystique' (Peru)

The deep green of nephrite is transformed into a perfect sphere. One of the two minerals called jade, the gem shows fascinating flecks of color. Cesar Gonzales presents the regal sculpture on a colorful calcite base.


Nephrite pyramid, 'Nature Mystique' (Peru)

Nephrite pyramid, 'Nature Mystique' (Peru)

The deep green of nephrite is transformed into a perfect pyramid. One of the two minerals called jade, the gem shows fascinating nuances of color. Cesar Gonzales creates this diminutive but regal sculpture.


Jade beaded stretch bracelet, 'Jade Ombre' (Guatemala)

Jade beaded stretch bracelet, 'Jade Ombre' (Guatemala)

Dark and light green jade beads in two different shapes combine in this lovely stretch bracelet. Handcrafted by artisan Zandra Lorena Sajbin of Guatemala, the bracelet features three pale apple green jade beads at the center.


Jade beaded stretch bracelet, 'Jade Trio' (Guatemala)

Jade beaded stretch bracelet, 'Jade Trio' (Guatemala)

This beaded stretch bracelet features three different types of jade: black, dark green, and pale apple green. Guatemalan artisan Zandra Lorena Sajbin handcrafts this intriguing bracelet alternating the jade types of different shapes--the black and pale apple green beads are cylindrical and the dark green beads are rounded rectangles.


Jade pendant necklace, 'Jade Flowers' (Guatemala)

Jade pendant necklace, 'Jade Flowers' (Guatemala)

Centered by a cabochons of natural lilac jade, three magnificent flowers are crafted of sterling silver in the pendant of this necklace from Guatemala. Working with love and dedication, artisan duo Oscar and Ilsa Morales design and craft the lovely accessory. The flowers are flanked by two leaves.



Jade pendant bracelet, 'Jade Flowers' (Guatemala)

Jade pendant bracelet, 'Jade Flowers' (Guatemala)

Centered by a single cabochon of natural lilac jade, a magnificent flower is crafted of sterling silver in the pendant of this bracelet from Guatemala. Working with love and dedication, artisan duo Oscar and Ilsa Morales design and craft the lovely accessory. The flower is flanked by two leaves.



Jade dangle earrings, 'Jade Flowers' (Guatemala)

Jade dangle earrings, 'Jade Flowers' (Guatemala)

Centered by a cabochons of natural lilac jade, two magnificent flowers are crafted of sterling silver in this pair of dangle earrings from Guatemala. Working with love and dedication, artisan duo Oscar and Ilsa Morales design and craft the lovely accessory.


Jade single stone ring Jade Mystique (Guatemala)

Jade single stone ring Jade Mystique (Guatemala)

Dappled with shadows, an oval of light green ya'ax chich, or Guatemalan jade centers a sleek ring by Gabriel Silva. He works in polished sterling silver to craft the beautiful design. .925 Sterling silver


Jade cocktail ring Black Jade Princess (Guatemala)

Jade cocktail ring Black Jade Princess (Guatemala)

Guatemala's Zandra Lorena Sajbin designs a ring of regal beauty crowned with faceted black jade. The Maya called it Ya'ax Chich and regarded jade as a sacred symbol of life, fertility and power. Sajbin handcrafts the sterling silver ring with extraordinary artistry. .925 Sterling silver


Mens jade ring Jade Fortress (Guatemala)

Mens jade ring Jade Fortress (Guatemala)

Gabriel Silva showcases the verdant beauty of Guatemalan jade in this bold ring. Known as ya'ax chic to the ancient Maya, jade was prized over gold as it was associated with life, fertility and power. Jade was reserved for rituals, war and art. Silva crafts the masculine ring with sterling silver and a sage green gem. .925 Sterling silver


Jade beaded stretch bracelet, 'Geometric Jade' (Guatemala)

Jade beaded stretch bracelet, 'Geometric Jade' (Guatemala)

Guatemalan artisan Zandra Lorena Sajbin handcrafts this stretch bracelet with black and green jade. The beads are intriguing shapes of cylinders and faceted cubes.


Jade pendant, 'Serene' (Guatemala)

Jade pendant, 'Serene' (Guatemala)

Artisan Pablo Roquel of Guatemala chose a simply elegant circular shape for this pendant to give full attention to the rich color and variegation of the polished jade. The pendant has a modern sterling silver bail so that it may hang from your favorite chain.


Jade dangle earrings, 'Dark Green World of Jade' (Guatemala)

Jade dangle earrings, 'Dark Green World of Jade' (Guatemala)

Prized by the ancient Mayans, dark green Guatemalan jade is carved into two circular shapes in these dangle earrings by Estuardo Jimenez. He frames the stones with high-polish sterling silver for a simple, yet elegant accessory that invites you into an ancient world.


Jade and leather cord bracelet, 'Midnight Jade' (Guatemala)

Jade and leather cord bracelet, 'Midnight Jade' (Guatemala)

Hand crafted from leather, five black cords connected by a sterling silver hook clasp form this unique bracelet from Guatemala. Ruben and Gilda Perez present this bracelet featuring a circular pendant of dark jade, a gemstone highly prized by the Mayan civilization.


Jade and leather cord bracelet Jade Mystery (Guatemala)

Jade and leather cord bracelet Jade Mystery (Guatemala)

A mesmerizing circular pendant crafted from green jade is suspended between leather cords in this stunning bracelet presented by the workshop of Ruben and Gilda Perez. This Guatemalan cord bracelet features three black leather cords connected by sterling silver accents. For the Mayan culture of Guatemala, jade has signified life, fertility, and power since pre-Columbian times.


Jade dangle earrings Elegant in Jade (Guatemala)

Jade dangle earrings Elegant in Jade (Guatemala)

In the culture of the Ancient Maya, jade signifies life, fertility and power. These beautiful dangle hook earrings from Guatemala's Ruben and Gilda Perez feature strong pieces of faceted jade placed in sterling silver.



925 Silver Rock Crystal& Purple Jade
BANGLE
A slim silver bangle with an open silhouette is adorned with eye-catching jade